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Embraer 195

Flybe Chooses Embraer 195 As Bae 146 Replacement

Flybe has selected the Embraer 195 to replace its fleet of BAe 146s, placing an order for 14 examples of the 195, with another 12 on option. Deliveries of the 195s are scheduled to begin in August 2007. Flybe has long been seeking a replacement for its BAe 146s. In 2001, when it was still […]

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Avro RJ Operators

BAe 146/Avro RJ Operators

Air Dolomiti Air Dolomiti began operating five BAe 146-300s leased from BAE Systems in 2005. They were replaced by Embraer 195s in 2009. Air One CityJet operates an Avro RJ85 on services from Milano Linate to London City on behalf of Italian airline Air One. Until November 2009, the service had been operated by Transwede […]

BAe 146s

Atlantic Southeast Airlines To Return BAe 146s

ASA Holdings, the parent of Atlantic Southeast Airlines, which operates as a Delta Connection carrier, announced on 19 June that it plans to standardize its jet aircraft fleet on the 50-seat Canadair Regional Jet. As a result, ASA plans to exercise its option to return the five BAe 146-200s it has on lease from Jet […]

Air Jet

Air Jet Restructures

Bordeaux-based Air Jet is in the middle of a substantial restructuring. The airline ran into financial problems after an ill-advised expansion using SAAB 2000s. The seizure in Italy of the BAe 146-300 it had leased (over debts its previous operator, National Jet Italia, had accumulated) aggravated matters. As a result, the airline was sold to […]

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Which Airlines Still Operate Avro RJ Aircraft?

Avro RJ Aircraft

The Avro RJ Aircraft series is popular for its efficiency and speed. It is produced by British Aerospace. It offers a high level of comfort to the passengers and is undoubtedly a favorite for both the pilots and the passengers. Many airlines still operate Avro RJ Aircraft. Here are some Avro RJ Aircrafts that airlines still use:

RJ70

This particular aircraft has to be the smallest in the Avro RJ Aircraft series. It has four engines and is mainly used as a regional airliner. It can accommodate anywhere between eighty to ninety passengers. It hasn’t been that active compared to the other Avro RJ aircraft. It is currently only being used by Bolivian carrier TAM Empresa Pública, M-STRY, and G-ETPK.

RJ70

RJ100

The RJ100 has a reputation for being the largest aircraft produced by British Aerospace. It has been produced in large numbers and is well known for its comfortable seating and efficient flying ability. It is actually a variant of the BAe 146-100. It’s the brainchild of Hawker Siddeley. It is known to have the most unique design among all the other aircraft in the Avro RJ Aircraft family.

It has four engines that come with the ability to turn their heads when the aircraft is flying in the air. Qesh Airlines in Iran owns at least five of them, while Aerovias DAP in Chile, Air Libya, Cobham Aviation in Australia, and Pionair all own four aircraft each.

Royal Air Philippines, Summit Air in Canada, and Mahan Airlines in Iran all own three aircrafts each. The RJ100 also occupies an important place in the Bahrain Defence Force and is recognized for its usefulness. It is also used by the Moroccan Government for its comfort and style. It is used by QinetiQ in the UK as well.

RJ85

RJ85 is an aircraft that was produced as an enhancement of the design and features seen in the BAe 146-200. It was also produced in large numbers and is known for its smart design. It is well known for its excellent short-field performance and was initially produced keeping only remote airfields in mind. It is ideal for noise-sensitive airports.

The RJ85 is characteristic of making a minimal amount of noise. It is also noted for its excellent climb performance. It offers a high level of safety to the passengers as well. Aero-Flite in the USA uses at least thirteen RJ85s. Conair Aviation in Canada and Mahan Airlines in Iran own five of them each. Aerovias DAP, Dubai Air Wing, Summit Air, and TezJet Air Company own two of them each.

To Sum Up

British Aerospace has undoubtedly produced some of the finest aircraft in the aviation industry. It is sad indeed to note how these aircraft have become very rare. However, the airlines mentioned in this article still recognize and appreciate it.

Classification and Types of Aircraft

aircraft

An aircraft is a machine or vehicle built to fly in the air. The commercial flights we fly today are the best example of an aircraft. All aircraft typically comprise propellers and wings or pieces of machinery that allow them to fly in the air, which can vary in size, shape, and purpose.

Aircraft are generally classified into two different categories – Aerostats and Aerodynes.

Aerostats are lighter objects that fly in the air, much lighter than the commercial airplanes we see today. They use the help of buoyancy to float in the air like a bird and are made of gasses like hydrogen and helium to lift from the ground. Hot air balloons and sky lanterns are the best examples of aerostats.

On the other hand, aerodynes are much heavier than air and generally more significant in size. Using the fixed-wing or rotorcraft mechanism, they push air downwards to help them lift from the ground.

aircrafts

Types of aircrafts

Depending on their classification, aircraft can be segregated into different types, as mentioned below:

Amphibious

Amphibious are multi-functional aircraft that can take off and land both on water and land. Seaplanes, airplanes, and flying boats fall under this category. Most modern amphibious planes have engines and propellers above the wings, which help their movement.

Helicopters

These fall under the classification of a rotorcraft mechanism as they have horizontal rotors that assist them in lifting and provide thrust to the aircraft. Unlike the typical aircraft, these have the advantage of taking off and landing in multiple congested locations and do not need a dedicated runway for the same. Hence, they are used for military, tourism, rescue, and search purposes.

Biplane

They fall under the fixed-winged category, the first kind of aircraft discovered. Due to their design, they provide high efficiency and excellent rigidity. They have reciprocating engines and can only accompany two passengers. These aircraft were used during World Wars and are still used in military and government operations in some countries.

Gliders

They are another type of fixed-winged aircraft which lifts itself from a reaction against the surfaces. They mainly do not require engines for take-off and use wheeled undercarriage for the same purpose. Although these aircraft were used in militaries and wars in earlier times, now they’re the primary source of leisure and entertainment.

Gliders

Tricycle gear aircraft

They have fixed landing gears made in the tricycle fashion comprising a nose, wheel, and two other main wheels. Due to their lightweight, they have provided better ground visibility, which helps take-off and landings.

Tiltrotors

These aircraft use powered motors to help lift from the ground and propel. Due to their transverse lift design, they help in the vehicle’s easy movement and aid in better lift and landing abilities. Although their speed and range are better than helicopters’, the rotor mechanism remains similar.

Top 5 Largest Passenger Aircraft in the World

Aircraft

It is a thing of beauty to behold large passenger aircrafts. They are incredibly well designed and have a lot of power to them. Some of the largest passenger aircraft in the world have been created mainly by two companies, i.e., Airbus and Boeing. Here are the top 5 largest passenger aircraft in the world:

Airbus A380

The Airbus A380 has acquired legendary status in the world of aviation. Ever since it first flew in 2005, it has had people mesmerized by its capacity and abilities. It can carry anywhere between 650 and 800 passengers with ease. Although Airbus has stopped the production of this particular aircraft type, you will still find many airline companies use the Airbus A380 with pride.

Airbus A380

Although it is huge in size, it never makes a loud noise. It barely experiences the turbulence issue, and passengers get to sit comfortably, with plenty of leg room. It is also said to have the longest length of wires and cables! The A380 was first used by Singapore Airlines. Emirates Airlines is said to have the most number of A380s in its fleet.

Boeing 747

Everyone’s heard of the Boeing 747! After all, it has been around since the 70s and is famous for being used by many American Presidents. The presidential aircraft carrier is known as ‘Airforce One.’ The Boeing 747 has a reputation for being so spacious and comfortable that many people who typically experience claustrophobia in the planes sit relaxed and have an enjoyable flight!

It is popular for being the world’s first-ever jumbo jet, and it has an intricate electrical system with an overwhelming number of wires! The Boeing 747 is a trusted aircraft that is also preferred by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). It was used for its space shuttle missions in the past.

Airbus A350

This large and intimidating aircraft has become quite common, and it is preferred by 17 airline companies. It has powerful Rolls-Royce Trent XWB engines. The aircraft is well-lit and offers a high level of comfort, making it suitable for long flights. Although it has just three fuel tanks, it seldom requires refueling on very long flights.

Airbus A350

Airbus A330neo

This is another popular Airbus aircraft that offers a high level of cost-efficiency. It is used for both short and long trips. It is clearly considered one of the best aircraft produced by Airbus because they always continually work on it to enhance its functions. It comes with a touchless technology for germ control.

It offers plenty of space and has a Comfort Economy and Premium Economy. It is also fully Wi-Fi enabled and has high-quality LCD TV screens to keep the passengers occupied and entertained throughout their flight. Airbus has placed a strong emphasis on eco-friendliness in the production of this particular aircraft by using titanium pylon and composite nacelle.

Flybe Chooses Embraer 195 As Bae 146 Replacement

Embraer 195

Flybe has selected the Embraer 195 to replace its fleet of BAe 146s, placing an order for 14 examples of the 195, with another 12 on option. Deliveries of the 195s are scheduled to begin in August 2007. Flybe has long been seeking a replacement for its BAe 146s. In 2001, when it was still known as British European, it had placed the launch order for the Avro RJX-100. BAE Systems’ abrupt cancellation of the RJX later that year forced it to re-open its search. Earlier this year, Flybe looked set to lease several former Turkish Airlines Avro RJ100s, but this time it was the airline that abruptly cancelled the deal. The reasons for that cancellation are now evident. As launch customer for the Embraer 195, Flybe undoubtedly received very attractive terms from Embraer. The 195 will provide Flybe with both greater range and greater capacity, but it does have limitations as a BAe 146 replacement. It will not be able to operate into London City, nor even into Guernsey. The Embraer 195 had originally been launched by Crossair as a replacement for its Avro RJ100s. That order looks very unlikely to ever be delivered, however, as Crossair successor Swiss has repeatedly postponed it.

BAe 146/Avro RJ Operators

Avro RJ Operators

Air Dolomiti

Air Dolomiti began operating five BAe 146-300s leased from BAE Systems in 2005. They were replaced by Embraer 195s in 2009.

Air One

CityJet operates an Avro RJ85 on services from Milano Linate to London City on behalf of Italian airline Air One. Until November 2009, the service had been operated by Transwede using an Avro RJ70 in full Air One colors. A second RJ70 had also been operated on services from Roma Fiumicino until October 2007.

Airsal – Linee Aeree Campane

Flightline occasionally operated a BAe 146 on behalf of Salerno-based Airsal during 2005.

Alisarda

Alisarda ordered four BAe 146 in 1990. The airline had just begun to take delivery of the 146s when it changed its name to Meridiana.

Alitalia Express

Alitalia contracted Azzurra Air to operate services on its behalf under the Alitalia Express brand, using Avro RJ70s and RJ85s, from April 1998 to the end of March 2002.

Azzurra Air

Azzurra Air was founded in December 1995, with three Avro RJ85s. They were later joined by four Avro RJ70s. The RJs were initially operated on the airline’s own account, then on behalf of Alitalia Express, and then again on the airline’s own account. All seven RJs were repossessed by Air Malta in December 2003.

Ciao Fly

Italian start-up airline Ciao Fly flew between Parma and London Luton from July 1 to August 26, 2002, using a succession of wet-leased BAe 146s: first an Air Jet series 200, then a WDL Aviation series 200, and then a Flightline series 300.

Club Air

Club Air began operations with two former Flightline BAe 146-200s in October 2002. Additional 146s, Avro RJ85s, and Avro RJ70s were added to the fleet over time. The airline shut down in December 2006. Operations resumed under new management in August 2007, initially using a single RJ85, later joined by an RJ70. Operations were once again shut down in May 2008.

Goldwing Airlines

Palermo-based Goldwing Airlines began services from Taranto to Rome and Milan in December 2000, using a wet-leased Flightline BAe 146-200. Goldwing had planned to use a BAe 146-100 leased from Air Botswana, but had not received its AOC. After a few days, the Flightline 146 was replaced by a Med Airlines SAAB 2000. The airline suspended operations in early March 2001.

Italiatour Airlines

Italiatour Airlines started operations in April 2009 using a former Club Air Avro RJ85, initially flying from Brescia’s Montichiari Airport to Roma (Fiumicino) and Crotone. Services were suspended in September 2009, and never restarted.

Meridiana

Meridiana operated four BAe 146-200s from Firenze from 1991 to early 2004, when they were replaced by Airbus A319s.

Mistral Air

Mistral Air operated two BAe 146QTs freighters on behalf of TNT and of its owner, the Italian Post Office. The 146s were based at Roma’s Ciampino airport.

Atlantic Southeast Airlines To Return BAe 146s

BAe 146s

ASA Holdings, the parent of Atlantic Southeast Airlines, which operates as a Delta Connection carrier, announced on 19 June that it plans to standardize its jet aircraft fleet on the 50-seat Canadair Regional Jet. As a result, ASA plans to exercise its option to return the five BAe 146-200s it has on lease from Jet Acceptance Corporation. The 146s will be returned beginning in the fourth quarter of 1997, with the last leaving the fleet in the first quarter of 1998. ASA will write down a one-time charge of approximately $2.6 million for expenses related to the return of the BAe 146s. Ronald V. Sapp, senior vice president of the airline, said that “We have enjoyed financial success with the 88-seat BAe 146 since introducing service with the aircraft in December 1995. However, we believe the combination of 30, 50 and 66-seat aircraft is the ideal fleet-mix for our company, customers and shareholders in the years ahead.”

Air Jet ends scheduled services

French airline Air Jet has ended its scheduled BAe 146 services between London City and Paris Charles de Gaulle on 9 June. Service on the route had been launched in October 1995, with two daily flights in each direction. The service used a BAe 146-200QC configured with 68 seats in a business class-only layout. Operations under the Air Jet name ceased on 27 June. Although the service was starting to gain customers and was breaking even with 50 percent load factors, parent Groupe Jet Services decided to use the aircraft to expand its parcel delivery service.

SABENA receives first Avro RJ100

SABENA took delivery of its first Avro RJ100, OO-DWA msn E3308, on 27 June. This is the first of 9 RJ100s the airline ordered on 21 September 1996 by exercising an option to convert part of its order for 23 RJ85s. Like the RJ85s, the RJ100s will be operated by SABENA affiliate Delta Air Transport (DAT). OO-DWA entered service on 29 June, on the Brussels-Amsterdam route.

Air Jet Restructures

Air Jet

Bordeaux-based Air Jet is in the middle of a substantial restructuring. The airline ran into financial problems after an ill-advised expansion using SAAB 2000s. The seizure in Italy of the BAe 146-300 it had leased (over debts its previous operator, National Jet Italia, had accumulated) aggravated matters. As a result, the airline was sold to an investment group with substantial commercial interests in France and Algeria. Negotiations were underway with creditors for extended repayment terms on Air Jet’s debts. All seemed to be on track, when former Air Jet owner Jet Services suddenly pulled its contract for night cargo work on behalf of TNT and repossessed the two BAe 146-200QCs it had leased to the airline. The two 146s were flown to Dinard on March 4, to be repainted in the colors of Marseilles-based Axis Airways, who is taking over the TNT contract. Despite this severe blow, Air Jet’s new owners are persevering in their efforts to restructure the airline. For the time being, operations continue with the remaining SAAB 2000, but negotiations are underway to secure two BAe 146 for delivery in late April. Two further 146 are also being sought.

Jazz BAe 146 Rescues Concorde Passengers

Jazz BAe 146

An Air Canada Jazz BAe 146 was chartered by Air France when the Concorde operating the Paris-New York flight had divert into Halifax on February 19 because of engine problems. Jazz BAe 146-200 C-GRNT (still painted in full Air Nova colors) was chartered to carry the 47 stranded passengers on to New York. She was then ferried back to Halifax.

Ryanair takes the axe to buzz

Ryanair has announced swingeing cuts in the operations of buzz, which it is acquiring from KLM. As of April 1 (when the transaction is scheduled to be closed), all buzz flights will be grounded to allow time for the company to be restructured. Service on most buzz routes will be suspended, though Ryanair itself will take over some, in some cases moving the terminus to secondary airports, as is its practice. buzz’s aircraft will remain grounded for at least four weeks. When operations restart, only eight aircraft will be operated, including only two of the BAe 146s rather than six as originally contemplated. As a result of these changes, over 400 buzz employees — two thirds of the total — will lose their jobs. These announcements have understandably caused considerable distress within buzz, but Ryanair chief executive Michael O’Leary had threatened to shut down the airline entirely if there is any resistance to his plans.

Avro RJ fleet spared in Swiss cuts

In an effort to stem losses, Swiss has announced a package of emergency measures that will include substantial cuts in its fleet. Twenty aircraft are to be cut, including twelve Saab 2000s, five ERJ 145s, two MD-83s, and one A321. Its fleet of nineteen Avro RJs (four RJ85s and fifteen RJ100s) is unaffected by the cuts. Swiss’ financial troubles may also lead it to delay taking deliveries of the Embraer 170s it has on order.